The term organic farming refers to agriculture that uses no or minimal synthetic fertilizers or pesticides and maintains the fertility of the soil through crop rotation, green manure, compost, etc. Since 1990, organic products have seen tremendous growth worldwide.
An Introduction (kheti ki shuruaat kaise hu)
There is a serious problem with the growing population throughout the world, with the increasing population, the use of various chemical fertilizers, toxic pesticides, and the use of various types of chemicals fertilizers, toxic pesticides, to increase production in competition with humans for food supply. By affecting the exchange of biotic and inorganic substances (e.g. system), the fertility of the soil deteriorates, as well as the environment is polluted and human health is compromised.
It was common for ancient farmers to practice agriculture in accordance with the natural environment and with human health, resulting in a continuous exchange of organic and inorganic substances, which did not lead to pollution of the land, water, air, and environment. Our texts refer to Lord Krishna and Balarama as Gopal and Haldhar in our texts as evidence that cow rearing has been done in India along with agriculture since ancient times. Agriculture and cattle farming combined was very beneficial to the animals and the environment. The changing environment, however, has led to a gradual decrease in animal husbandry and the use of various types of chemical pesticides and fertilizers in agriculture. Therefore, the balance of organic and inorganic substances is being disturbed, and the environment is becoming polluted, affecting the human race as a result. Having an adverse effect on health. By using organic fertilizers and medicines instead of chemical fertilizers and toxic pesticides, we will be able to increase crop production and protect the land, water, environment, and health of humans and animals.
In India, agriculture is the backbone of the rural economy and the primary source of income for farmers. In view of the increasing population since the time of the Green Revolution and the increasing production from a point of view of income, chemical fertilizers and pesticides are needed in greater quantity in agriculture for increased production, so ordinary and small farmers now have a lot in a smaller area. Water, land, air, and environment are also polluted, and food products are becoming poisonous. To cope with all of these problems, a sustainable farming system has been recommended since last year to combat all of them. The Agriculture Department of the state has promoted adopting this special form of farming, which is known as organic farming, since last year. You know me by name. In addition, the Indian government is promoting this method of farming.
The movement of organic farming was started in one village of each development block of each district in 2001-02 and these villages were named organic villages. Thus, organic farming was introduced in 313 villages in the first year. In the second year, in 2002-03, organic farming was conducted in two villages in each development block of each district, and in the third year, in 2003-04, in 2-2 villages, i.e. 1565 villages. A total of five villages were selected for each development block from 2006-07. As a result, 3130 villages in the state are implementing an organic farming program. The Department of Agriculture organized a national-level seminar on organic farming in Bhopal in May 2002, which was attended by national experts and experienced organic farmers who were inspired to adopt organic farming. Public awareness of organic farming in every district of the state should be spread among farmers through a variety of publicity methods, including tableaux, posters, banners, literature, solo plays, puppet performances, organic hats, and speeches by experts on organic farming.
The National Center for Organic Farming provides special information on organic farming
There are many benefits to organic farming
Profits from a farmer’s perspective
- As the land becomes more fertile, it becomes more productive.
- Irrigation intervals are increased.
- A reduction in the use of chemical fertilizers results in a reduction in costs.
- Crop productivity increases.
- What soil can do for you
- Organic manure improves the quality of the soil.
- Enhances the land’s water retention capacity.
- As a result, less water will evaporate from the land.
- Advantages for the environment
There is an increase in the level of groundwater.
The pollution of soil, food, and land is reduced through the water.
Manure made from waste reduces diseases.
Increasing income and reducing production costs.
In order to compete in the international market, organic produce must meet high-quality standards.
Organic farming is as productive as chemical farming, i.e., it increases the fertility of the soil and increases the productivity of the farmers. Rainfed areas are even more profitable for organic farming. As a result of organic farming, farmers get more income and organic products compete more in the international market because production costs are reduced. Consequently, farmers are able to make more profit than they would have otherwise. The ever-increasing population and environmental pollution in modern times have contributed to